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hoping to find them having sex, given that interracial sex was then also illegal in Virginia.
When the officers found the Lovings sleeping in their bed, Mildred pointed out their marriage certificate on the bedroom wall.
Echoing Johann Friedrich Blumenbach's 18th-century interpretation of race, the local court wrote: Almighty God created the races white, black, yellow, malay and red, and he placed them on separate continents.
And but for the interference with his arrangement there would be no cause for such marriages.
On January 6, 1959, the Lovings pled guilty to "cohabiting as man and wife, against the peace and dignity of the Commonwealth." They were sentenced to one year in prison, with the sentence suspended on condition that the couple leave Virginia and not return together for at least 25 years.
After their conviction, the couple moved to the District of Columbia.
On the one hand, a person's reputation as black or white was usually decisive in practical matters.
The court did not need to affirm the constitutionality of the ban on interracial marriage that was also part of Alabama's anti-miscegenation law, since the plaintiff, Mr. Kirby asked the state of Arizona for an annulment of his marriage. The court case involved a legal challenge over the conflicting wills that had been left by the late Allan Monks; an old one in favor of a friend named Ida Lee, and a newer one in favor of his wife.
Pace, had chosen not to appeal that section of the law. Alabama, the constitutionality of anti-miscegenation laws banning marriage and sex between whites and non-whites remained unchallenged until the 1920s. He charged that his marriage was invalid because his wife was of "negro" descent, thus violating the state's anti-miscegenation law. Kirby's race by observing her physical characteristics and determined that she was of mixed race, therefore granting Mr. Lee's lawyers charged that the marriage of the Monkses, which had taken place in Arizona, was invalid under Arizona state law because Marie Antoinette was "a Negro" and Alan had been white.
The case was brought by Mildred Loving (née Jeter), a black woman, and Richard Loving, a white man, who had been sentenced to a year in prison in Virginia for marrying each other.
1 (1967) is a landmark civil rights decision of the United States Supreme Court, which invalidated laws prohibiting interracial marriage.